Saturday, November 1, 2008

Surendra Nath Banerjea

Surendra Nath Banerjea was born in 1848. He belonged to a Kulin Brahmin famSurendra Nath Banerjea taken from Wikipediaily of Calcutta. His father, Durga Charan Banerjea was a successful medical practitioner. He joined the Indian Civil Services through an open competition in the year 1868. However, he was dismissed from the services because of racialist consideration of the British government of the time and progressive nationalistic views of Surendera Nath Banerjea. He then joined as a Professor of English in Metropolitan Institute at Calcutta. He founded Ripon College in Calcutta. Later he took over the Bengalee Weekly and made it a daily newspaper. It is in journalism that he established his stature as a leading voice of India. He also wrote a book “A Nation in the Making” about which P Sitaramayya writes: “For command of language, for elegance of diction, for rich imagery, for emotional heights, for a spirit of manly claming, his orations are hard to beat. They remain unapproachable.”

He is considered as a pioneer of undertaking constitutional agitations and public opinion making in India. He undertook a political mobilization in a movement against reducing the age for Civil Services Entrance test from 21 to 19. For that, he undertook tours of whole country to make the public opinion which was a new activity to be experienced by Indians.

Later he founded Indian Association in 1876. He was one of the founder of The Indian National Congress founded in 1885. However, he did not attend the first conference of the INC. He headed the sessions of Indian National Congress in 1898 and 1902.

He was elected to the Imperial Legislative Council in 1892. He was a supporter of Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms of 1919. He joined as the Ministry of Bengal under the Dyarchy system established by the Indian Act of 1919.

He disassociated himself from Indian National Congress in 1918 and form the National Liberal Federation.

He was in favour of getting benefit from the British Rule for India.

He died in 1925.

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Further References available online:

Core Sources Used:
For Photograph: Wikipedia

External Sources:The Trumpet Voice of India. Speeches of Surendranath Banerjea Delivered in England, 1909
Speeches of Babu Surendra Nath Banerjea, 1876-80
A nation in making;: Being the reminiscences of fifty years of public life
An explanatory analysis of the Law of criminal procedure in India (Act V of 1898);: Intended for students for various law examinations and prepared under special instructions of Dr. Jadu Nath Kanjilal

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