Saturday, June 6, 2009

Bijolia Movement

Bijolia Movement:
It was a pioneer agrarian movement in the Mewar State in present Udaipur District.

The Jagirdar of Bijolia was a Parmar Rajput having 96 villages in his jagir. There were 86 different taxes on peasants against which peasants revolted in 1905. The initial leadership was provided by Sitaram Das. The movement got linked to national movement. Vijay (Bijoy) Singh Pathik and Manik Lal Verma (future Chief Minister of Rajasthan) led a no tax movement in 1916. It was called Bijolia movement. The peasants refused to do begar and held back the taxes. The movement continued through 1920s and spread over to other States of Rajputana.

Important note: The no tax movement at Bijolia took place before the Champaran Indigo Satyagraha of Gandhi. Secondly, it was started in Princely States.



Source: Mainly Sumit Sarkar and multiple sources through net and digital libraries.



External Links



Digital Library



Edit Reprot:
05.07.2010: html edit. added to Manik Lal Verma


Peasants' Movements in Post-Colonial IndiaAgrarian Problems and Peasant Movements in Latin America.


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