Tuesday, March 9, 2010


Sarkar was a territorial division of a Suba or province. A Sarkar was further divided into territorial divisions for the administrative purpose which were called Mahals or Parganas. The Mahals or Parganas consisted of villages which were measured and entered as Chaks.

Source: Sarkar, Jadu Nath: Mughal Administration.
Irfan Habib: The Agrarian System of Mughal Indian 1556-1707.

Sarkar - Circar:
Sarkar usually meant 'government'; also used to refer to anyone who was deemed to represent it.' Sumit Guha, Rutgers University.

Acknowledgement and Reference:
The above definition is given by Sumit Guha, Rutgers University in response to a query on H-Asia, an email listing of H-Net available at   http://h-net.msu.edu/~asia/. The above definition was given on March 6, 2010.

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