Wednesday, March 11, 2009

Boycott of British Goods

Boycott of British Goods:

Boycott of British Goods was one of the major technique of protest invented by the Indians fighting against the imperial rule of Britain during their freedom struggle for freedom. It was first suggested in a weekly Sanjivani on July 13, 1905. The weekly Sanjivani was edited by Krishankumar Mitra at that time. It was later adopted by Congress on August 7, 1905 as one the technique to protest against the partition of Bengal which was scheduled to take place on October 16, 1905. It was the most effective technique of Wang Bang movement. It had full support of leaders like Sunrendranath Banerji. It was adopted by other Moderate leaders in the Congress who was strongly against any unconstitutional mean of protest. Soon this approach of freedom fighters asking abrogation of Bengal partition by hitting at the purse at Manchester, graduated at full fledged demand of Swaraj in writings of leaders like Aurbindo Ghosh. It is considered as the maturing of the Indian nationalism by a set of scholars who oppose the theory of Cambridge School of historian (Pro-Imperialistic theory of the aim of civilizing the world by the Christian world). It was definitely a strong statement which had added a practical (Theoretical economic theory had developed by Dadabhai Naoroji in 1870s.) economic dimension to the freedom struggle of India. Later it was adopted by Mohandass Karamchand Gandhi as an important part of political technique based on satyagraha.

Sarkar, Sumit. Modern India 1885-1947, Macmillan, Madras, 1989. SBN 033390 425 7

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