Sunday, April 11, 2010


MAZARA: Since the days of the Mughal rule in India, Mazara is a cultivator who does not have 'the right either to sell or mortgage the land tilled by him.' Even his right to occupancy as well the crop raised by him could be successfully disputed.

The main factor of ascertaining the status of the tiller is the ownership of the land and the authorities which recognized it while dealing with the tiller. On this basis, mazara and asami forms a social group. They never dealt directly with the government officers on the issue of land revenue. Even the government officers during the Mughal times were instructed not to directly approach the asami or mazara for the collection of the revenue. (Reference: Dastur-ul-Amal-i-Mahdi)

The above two paragraph are based on the references given in the Persian documents as quoted by Noman Ahmed Siddiqi.

The British officers had used the word Village Community for the habitants of a village. For them the cultivators or the peasants formed the brotherhood of cultivators. The British documents identify the cultivator as zamindar. (Moreland)

Digital Reference:
The Cambridge economic history of India, Volume 2 By Tapan Raychaudhuri, Dharma Kumar, Meghnad Desai, Irfan Habib, p 11

Edit Report:

Special Remarks:

Habib, Irfan: The Agrarian System of Mughal India, Oxford University Press, 2004, ISBN 0 19 565595.
Siddiqi, Noman Ahmad, Land Revenue Administration Under the Mughals, 1989, ISBN 81-215-0477-X

Land Revenue Administration Under the Mughals, 1700-50

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